The IDH-TAU-EGFR triad defines the neovascular landscape of diffuse gliomas.
Author: Gargini, Ricardo; Segura Collar, Berta; Herranz Sánchez, Beatriz; García-Escudero, Vega; Romero Bravo, Andrés; Núñez, Felipe J.; García Pérez, Daniel; Gutiérrez-Guamán, Jacqueline; Ayuso Sacido, Ángel; Seoane, Joan; Pérez Núñez, Ángel; Sepúlveda-Sánchez, Juan M.; Hernández Laín, Aurelio; G. Castro, María; García Escudero, Ramón; Ávila, Jesús; Sánchez Gómez, Pilar
Abstract: Gliomas that express the mutated isoforms of isocitrate dehydrogenase 1/2 (IDH1/2) have better prognosis than wild-type (wt) IDH1/2 gliomas. However, how these mutant (mut) proteins affect the tumor microenvironment is still a pending question. Here, we describe that the transcription of microtubule-associated protein TAU (MAPT), a gene that has been classically associated with neurodegenerative diseases, is epigenetically controlled by the balance between wt and mut IDH1/2 in mouse and human gliomas. In IDH1/2 mut tumors, we found high expression of TAU that decreased with tumor progression. Furthermore, MAPT was almost absent from tumors with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, whereas its trancription negatively correlated with overall survival in gliomas carrying wt or amplified (amp) EGFR. We demonstrated that the overexpression of TAU, through the stabilization of microtubules, impaired the mesenchymal/pericyte-like transformation of glioma cells by blocking EGFR, nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B (NF-κB) and the transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ). Our data also showed that mut EGFR induced a constitutive activation of this pathway, which was no longer sensitive to TAU. By inhibiting the transdifferentiation capacity of EGFRamp/wt tumor cells, TAU protein inhibited angiogenesis and favored vascular normalization, decreasing glioma aggressiveness and increasing their sensitivity to chemotherapy.
Universal identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/10641/1853
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