What do Spanish men know about menopause?
Abstract: Objective: The aim of the study is to evaluate the knowledge that men have about menopause and to analyze whether sociodemographic aspects influence in this knowledge. Methods: 560 consecutive surveys were collected during 2019. The surveys were completed anonymously, voluntarily and without incentives by men. A maximum score of 45 points was considered for the knowledge analysis. Results: The mean age was 49.13 ± 11.1 years. The most frequent source of information to obtain knowledge about menopause were friends (61.4%). The mean of the questionnaire score was 20.69 ± 6.1. The most frequent symptoms associated with menopause were hot flashes and vaginal dryness (93.7%; 48%) and the best-known treatment to improve vaginal health was lubricants at 69.5%. The most common treatment men know for improving menopause symptoms was menopause hormone treatment; however, 27.9% of men think there is no treatment for menopause. Differences between ages in numbers and grades were found (p=0.032). The scores by levels of study showed statistically differences (primary school, high school, professional training and university education (men with a higher level of education had significantly more knowledge) (p=0.013). Differences were showed in men who obtained information from health staff with respect to other sources (p<0.001). Conclusions: The knowledge in men in this sample is limited. Differences between ages, level of education and sources of information were found. No differences were found between public and private hospitals. The teaching of this knowledge should be carried out by trained personnel, preferably health staff.
Universal identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/10641/1978
- MEDICINA