Disc Configuration as a Risk and Prognostic Factor in NAION: The Impact of Cup to Disc Ratio, Disc Diameter, and Crowding Index.
Abstract: Purpose: The presence of the so called disc at risk (a small disc with no cupping) has been considered the main risk factor for the development of non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION). However its role as a prognostic factor has not been studied. Our aim was to determine the weight of disc configuration as a risk and a prognostic factor for NAION. Methods: Case control study. Forty eyes of 40 patients who were diagnosed with NAION between 2008 and 2017, and 120 controls (3 controls for each patient) were included in the study. Disc diameter (DD), cup to disc ratio (CDR), and peripapillar retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) of the non-affected eye were measured using optic coherence tomography (3D OCT 2000, Topcon). Crowding index (CI) was defined as the quotient of average RNFLT and disc area. Mean deviation (MD) at the time of diagnosis and at least three months later was determined using a Humphrey Visual Field Analyzer (SITA standard 24-2 strategy). Visual acuity (VA) was measured using Snellen charts and transformed into LogMAR values. Results: Only CDR was found to be a risk factor for NAION. No correlationship was found between CI and visual loss. Conclusions: DD and CI did not show value as either prognostic or risk factors. Glial tissue may be a part of the content of the optic disc as important as axons. Our results are in line with the latest studies about NAION pathophysiology. Contrary to classic thinking, these papers have not found smaller disc diameters, but smaller values of lamina cribosa depth in NAION patients.
- MEDICINA