Are Strength Indicators and Skin Temperature Affected by the Type of Warm-Up in Paralympic Powerlifting Athletes?
Author: De Aquino Resende, Marcelo; Aidar, Felipe J.; Barreto Vasconcelos Resende, Roberta; Costa Reis, Gracielle; De Oliveira Barros, Layanne; Gama de Matos, Dihogo; Marçal, Anderson Carlos; De Almeida-Neto, Paulo Francisco; López Díaz-de-Durana, Alfonso; Merino Fernández, María; Vilaça-Alves, José; De Araújo Tinoco Cabral, Breno Guilherme; Borba Neves, Eduardo; Machado Reis, Victor; Clemente, Filipe Manuel; Domingos Garrido, Nuno
Abstract: (1) Background: the present study aimed to evaluate the effect of different types of warm-ups on the strength and skin temperature of Paralympic powerlifting athletes. (2) Methods: the participants were 15 male Paralympic powerlifting athletes. The effects of three different types of warm-up (without warm-up (WW), traditional warm-up (TW), or stretching warm-up (SW)) were analyzed on static and dynamic strength tests as well as in the skin temperature, which was monitored by thermal imaging. (3) Results: no differences in the dynamic and static indicators of the force were shown in relation to the different types of warm-ups. No significant differences were found in relation to peak torque (p = 0.055, F = 4.560, η2p = 0.246 medium effect), and one-repetition maximum (p = 0.139, F = 3.191, η2p = 0.186, medium effect) between the different types of warm-ups. In the thermographic analysis, there was a significant difference only in the pectoral muscle clavicular portion between the TW (33.04 ± 0.71 °C) and the WW (32.51 ± 0.74 °C) (p = 0.038). The TW method also presented slightly higher values than the SW and WW in the pectoral muscles sternal portion and the deltoid anterior portion, but with p-value > 0.05. (4) Conclusions: the types of warm-ups studied do not seem to interfere with the performance of Paralympic Powerlifting athletes. However, the thermal images showed that traditional warm-up best meets the objectives expected for this preparation phase.
Universal identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/10641/2387
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