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dc.contributor.authorGarcía Pavía, Pablo
dc.description.abstractAIMS: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) associated with dystrophin gene (DMD) mutations in individuals with mild or absent skeletal myopathy are often indistinguishable from other DCM forms. We sought to describe the phenotype and prognosis of DMD associated DCM in DMD mutation carriers without severe skeletal myopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS: At 26 European centers, we retrospectively collected clinical characteristics and outcomes of 223 DMD mutation carriers (83% males, 33±15 years). 112 individuals (52%) had DCM at first evaluation (n=85; LVEF=34±11.2%) or developed DCM (n=27; LVEF 41.3±7.5%) after a median follow-up of 96 months (IQR: 5-311 months). DCM penetrance was 45% in carriers older than 40 years. DCM appeared earlier in males and was independent of the type of mutation, presence of skeletal myopathy, or elevated serum creatine kinase levels. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) occurred in 22% individuals with DCM, 18% developed end-stage heart failure and 9% SCD or equivalent. Skeletal myopathy was not associated with survival free of MACE in patients with DCM. Decreased left ventricle ejection fraction and increased left ventricular end-diastolic diameter at baseline were associated with MACE. Individuals without DCM had favorable prognosis without MACE or death during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: DMD-associated DCM without severe skeletal myopathy is characterized by incomplete penetrance but high risk of MACE, including progression to end-stage heart failure and ventricular arrhythmias. DCM onset is the major determinant of prognosis with similar survival regardless of the presence of skeletal
dc.publisherEuropean Journal of Heart Failurespa
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.subjectDilated cardiomyopathyspa
dc.subjectHeart failurespa
dc.titlePrevalence and clinical outcomes of dystrophin-associated dilated cardiomyopathy without severe skeletal
dc.typejournal articlespa
dc.rights.accessRightsopen accessspa
dc.description.extent797 KBspa

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