Open-globe-injury: A single center Spanish retrospective 5-year cohort study.
Abstract: Purpose: To review and analyze the epidemiological profile, clinical characteristics and visual outcomes in patients attended for traumatic open globe injury (OGI) at our hospital over a 5-year period. Design: Retrospective chart review study. Methods: Retrospective analysis of all patients attended at Fundación Jiménez Díaz University Hospital for OGI between 2011 and 2015. Data from 104 patients including demographics, ocular examination, medical and surgical treatment, visual outcomes, and complications were analyzed. Results: Most patients were male (79.8%) and the median age at the time of injury was 41 years (interquartile range 31.5–58 years). Work-related accidents represent more than half of the cases and their main mechanism was penetrating trauma or foreign body. This type of accident had good prognosis (median final visual acuity in decimal scale 0.8; interquartile range 0.4–1). Falls were the second most common cause of OGI, predominantly affecting senior women (50%), with a high incidence of ocular rupture (50%) and associating a poor visual prognosis (median final visual acuity 0.01; interquartile range 0–0.5). There was a strong correlation (0.75; p < 0.001) between ocular trauma score (OTS) and final best corrected visual acuity. Conclusions: Two different patterns of OGI were identified in our sample. Work-related trauma in young males was the most common form of OGI and was associated with good prognosis. However, falls in senior women were associated with poor prognosis.
- MEDICINA