Bio-based materials for fire-retardant application in construction products: a review.
Author: Yang, Yunxian; Haurie, Laia; Wang, De-Yi
Abstract: Bio-based materials are showing great potential to be widely used in construction industry, while reducing fire risk and improving fire resistance of these alternatives also become a major concern due to their inherent flammability. Initially, this review introduces three common bio-based construction materials, including biopolymer-based materials, wood-based materials, and crop-based materials, and their fire behaviors in flaming and smoldering combustion scenarios, accompanied with some typical flame-retardant mechanisms. Sequentially, the recent achievements in improving fire resistance are mainly exhibited in detail for each kind of bio-based materials. There are numerous reports for biopolymer-based flame-retardant materials with mature flame-retardant methodology. With regard to wood-based flame-retardant materials, different criteria and methodologies are needed to evaluate the flame-retardant properties. Meanwhile, in the case of crop-based insulation materials is essential to carefully consider the fire behavior, both in flaming and smoldering combustions, and not only focus on their thermal performance. In the final section, based on the requirements of fire safety and practicality for construction materials, bio-based alternatives with excellent good fire resistance and practical performance are summarized to be a promising way to meet future challenges.
Universal identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/10641/3019
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