An intergenerational programme delays health impairment in nursing home residents: the Duplo project
Author: Boyano Sánchez, Inmaculada; Nieto, Sonia; Serra, Jose‑Antonio; Alcaide, Marisa; Caparros, Marta; Varela, Manuel
Abstract: Purpose To analyse whether an intergenerational programme in which students interacted with institutionalised older persons had any impact on the older persons’ functional status. Methods Each academic year, a group of older adults living in nursing homes were divided into two arms. For the next four months, the first group received daily visits from a group of students during which they followed a pre-established activity plan, whilst the other arm proceeded with their normal activity. After 4 months, the groups crossed over, and the second arm received the student visits, whilst the first group returned to their normal activity. A battery of tests was performed at inception, crossover and the end of the second period. The tests explored mobility (Timed Up-and-Go), cognition (Mini-Mental Examination), executive function (Frontal Assessment Battery) and mood (Geriatric Depression Scale). A dichotomous aggregate “significant impairment” variable was deemed to be present when there was at least a 20% loss of function (compared to the value at the beginning of the period) in any of the aforementioned tests. Results The study included 289 older adults who visited with 91 students. Subjects in the active phase had a lower incidence of significant impairment than those in the control phase (O.R. 0.90, p < 0.01). There were no significant differences in the individual variables.
Universal identifier: https://hdl.handle.net/10641/3223
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