Bio-based flame retardants to polymers: A review.
Abstract: Due to environmental concerns, some of the conventional halogenated flame retardants have been banned. In this context, both the industrial and academics have made efforts to develop more eco-friendly and sustainable flame retardant materials. Among new flame retardants, bio-based groups have attracted plenty of attention. In this review, varied types of bio-based flame retardants are systematically described, including the structural characteristics, flame retardant behaviors, and an overview of flame retardant mechanism. Recent research progress on various bio-based materials such as flame retardants (e.g., chitosan, lignin, phytic acid, polydopamine, Tannic acid, β-cyclodextrin, etc.) applied to different polymers are adequately summarized. Finally, the opportunities and challenges for the future development of bio-based flame retardants are briefly outlooked.
- INGENIERÍA