Investigation of magnesium hydroxide functionalized by polydopamine/transition metal ions on flame retardancy of epoxy resin.
Abstract: Aiming to impart epoxy resin (EP) with flame retardancy, magnesium hydroxide (MDH) was sequentially functionalized with four transition metals and polydopamine (PDA) to prepare MDH@M-PDA (M includes Fe3+, Co2+, Cu2+, Ni2+). Compared with MDH, MDH@M-PDA presented better dispersion in EP matrix. The results illustrated that a 30 mass% of MDH@Fe-PDA imparted the EP matrix with best fire retardancy and thermal stability. Specifically, the resultant EP/MDH/MDH@Fe-PDA composites remarkably reduced flammability, which is reflected by high LOI value of 29.3% and UL-94 V-0 ratings. The peak heat release rate (PHRR) and total smoke production (TSP) were reduced by 52% and 21%, respectively. Moreover, the impact and tensile strength of EP/MDH/MDH@M-PDA composites are improved compared with EP/MDH due to the better chemical compatibility of PDA in the EP matrix. Notably, this work provided a feasible design for organo-modified MDH and enriched its practical applications of MDH as functional fillers to polymers.
- INGENIERÍA