Influence of Footwear Features on Oxygen Consumption and Running Economy: A Review.
Author: Melero-Lozano, Miguel Ángel; San Antolín, Marta; Vicente Campos, Davinia; Chicharro, J. L.; Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Ricardo; Losa-Iglesias, Marta Elena; Rodríguez-Sanz, David; Calvo Lobo, César
Abstract: It has been reported that the new technology applied to current racing shoes has increased the performance of runners who use this kind of footwear. This improvement has been proven in the scientific literature in relation to oxygen consumption. Nevertheless, as it is a novel topic, there is a lack of knowledge about which specific features achieve a decrease in oxygen consumption during running. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine the influence of the features of footwear, specifically the shoe mass, the cushioning system, the longitudinal bending stiffness and the comfort feeling on running economy. This review was carried out from the bibliographic search in the main databases such as PubMed, Cochrane Plus and Medline and considering the PRISMA statement as a reference so that an analysis of the results has been obtained together with the methodological quality and risk of bias of the studies. Nineteen articles met the inclusion criteria, which presented a moderate/high methodological quality, and an analysis of their results was carried out. Footwear features such as the shoe mass, the cushioning system and the longitudinal bending stiffness produce advantages compared to other footwear that does not include this technology. Due to the
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