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dc.contributor.authorHerruzo, Rafael
dc.contributor.authorFondo Alvarez, Erika
dc.contributor.authorHerruzo Priego, Irene 
dc.contributor.authorGarrido‐Estepa, Macarena
dc.contributor.authorSantiso Casanova, Emma
dc.contributor.authorCerame Perez, Silvia
dc.description.abstractBackground and Aims Diverse protocols prevent infection and/or improve ulcer epithelialization. The existing protocols tend to antagonize the risk factors that promote the chronicity of this type of wound. Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is used to treat ulcers and wounds because of its antiseptic and noncytotoxic properties. Its liquid form is effective but has little residual effect, while in gel it has more residual power. Methods An experimental nonrandomized study has been carried out treating 346 chronic ulcers of various etiologies in 220 patients. Ulcer outcomes were originally classified as: “complete healing,” “incomplete healing without infection,” and “incomplete healing with infection.” Various antiseptic solutions were used as ulcers cleaning solutions: liquid HOCl, gel HOCl, polymeric biguanide, or chlorhexidine. Only one was applied to the lesion as monotherapy. But, in other cases, we used a combined HOCl (liquid then gel: bitherapy). Bivariate (Chi-square and variance tests) and multivariate studies (logistic regression) evaluated associations of ulcer characteristics and mono or bitherapy outcomes. Results Four factors reduce the probability of complete ulcer healing: patient age (odds ratio [OR]: 0.97); weeks of ulcer evolution (OR: 0.99); poor granulation on admission (OR: 0.35); and need for antibiotic therapy (OR: 0.41). One factor favored healing: combined HOCl therapy with liquid plus gel (OR: 4.8). Infections were associated with longer times of evolution (OR: 1.002) and bad odor of the ulcer on admission (OR: 14), but bitreatment with HOCl reduced the risk of infection (OR: 0.3). Conclusion A double HOCl formulation (liquid plus gel) reduces the probability of poor healing and infection, in chronic ulcers of various
dc.publisherHealth Science Reportsspa
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.subjectChronic ulcersspa
dc.subjectHOCl (liquid plus gel)spa
dc.titleHypochlorous acid in a double formulation (liquid plus gel) is a key prognostic factor for healing and absence of infection in chronic ulcers. A nonrandomized concurrent treatment
dc.typejournal articlespa
dc.rights.accessRightsopen accessspa
dc.description.extent745 KBspa

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