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dc.contributor.authorGutiérrez Hellín, Jorge 
dc.contributor.authorRuiz Moreno, Carlos
dc.contributor.authorDel Coso, Juan
dc.description.abstractPurpose p-Synephrine, the principal alkaloid of bitter orange (Citrus aurantium), is widely used in dietary supplements for weight loss due to its purported effect of increasing fat oxidation. However, there is a paucity of scientific information about its effectiveness in enhancing fat oxidation during exercise. The aim of this investigation was to determine the effect of an acute dose of p-synephrine on substrate oxidation during prolonged and constant intensity exercise. Methods In a double-blind and randomized experiment, 14 healthy subjects performed two acute experimental trials after ingesting either p-synephrine (3 mg kg−1) or a placebo (cellulose). Energy expenditure and fat oxidation rates were continuously measured by indirect calorimetry during 1 h of continuous cycling at Fatmax, the intensity that induces maximal fat oxidation rate. Results In comparison to the placebo, energy expenditure during 1 h of cycling remained unchanged with p-synephrine (698 ± 129 vs. 686 ± 123 kcal, P = 0.08). However, p-synephrine increased whole-body fat oxidation (33.6 ± 10.4 vs. 37.3 ± 9.8 g, P < 0.01) while also reducing carbohydrate oxidation (99.5 ± 30.4 vs. 85.0 ± 28.4 g, P < 0.01). However, the magnitude of the shift on substrate oxidation induced by p-synephrine was small. Conclusion Acute ingestion of p-synephrine augments fat oxidation during prolonged and constant-intensity
dc.publisherEuropean Journal of Nutritionspa
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.subjectNutrition supplementspa
dc.subjectCitrus aurantiumspa
dc.subjectBitter orangespa
dc.subjectMaximal fat oxidationspa
dc.titleAcute p-synephrine ingestion increases whole-body fat oxidation during 1-h of cycling at
dc.typejournal articlespa
dc.rights.accessRightsopen accessspa
dc.description.extent193 KBspa

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